The Microsoft Management Console (MMC) is one of the primary administrative tools used to manage Windows and many of the network services provided by Windows. It provides a standard method to create, save, and open the various administrative tools provided by Windows. When you open Administrative Tools, most of these programs are an MMC.
To start an empty MMC, go to the command prompt, Start Search box or Run box, type mmc or mmc.exe. Every MMC has a console tree that displays the hierarchical organization of snapins or pluggable modules) and extensions (a snap-in that requires a parent snap-in). By adding and deleting snap-ins and extensions, users can customize the console or access tools that are not located in Administrative Tools. You can add snap-ins to a MMC by opening the File menu and selecting Add/Remove Snap-ins. See Figure 1.
Administrative Tools is a folder in the Control Panel that contains tools for system administrators and advanced users. To access the Administrative Tools folder, open the Control Panel, open Administrative Tools by clicking Start, Control Panel, System, and Security while in Category View or double-click the Administrative Tools applet while in Icon view. There is also a quick link on Windows Servers that can be accessed by clicking the Start button.
Some common administrative tools in this folder include the following:
• Component Services: Configure and administer Component Object Model (COM) components. Component Services is designed for use by developers and administrators.
• Computer Management: Manage local or remote computers by using a single, consolidated desktop tool. Using Computer Management, you can perform many tasks, such as monitoring system events, configuring hard disks, and managing system performance.
• Data Sources (ODBC): Use Open Database Connectivity (ODBC) to move data from one type of database (a data source) to another.
• Event Viewer: View information about significant events, such as a program starting or stopping, or security errors, that are recorded in event logs.
• iSCSI Initiator: Configure advanced connections between storage devices on network.
• Local Security Policy: View and edit Group Policy security settings.
• Performance Monitor: View advanced system information about the processor, memory, hard disk, and network performance.
• Print Management: Manage printers and print servers on a network and perform other administrative tasks.
• Security Configuration Wizard: A wizard that walks you through how to create a security policy that you can apply to any server on the network.
• Server Management: A console that allows you to manage and secure multiple server roles including managing the server’s identity, system information; displaying server status; identifying problems with the server role configuration; and managing all roles installed on the server.
• Services: Manage the different services that run in the background on your computer.
• Share and Storage Management: A centralized location for you to manage folders and volumes that are shared on the network and volumes in disks and storage subsystems.
• Storage Explorer: View and manage Fibre Channel and iSCSI fabrics that are available in your storage area network (SAN).
• System Configuration: Identify problems that might be preventing Windows from running correctly.
• Task Scheduler: Schedule programs or other tasks to run automatically.
• Windows Firewall with Advanced Security: Configure advanced firewall settings on both this computer and remote computers on your network.
• Windows Memory Diagnostics: Check your computer’s memory to see whether it is functioning properly.
• Windows PowerShell Modules: A task-based command-line shell and scripting language designed especially for system administration.
• Windows Server Backup: Back up and restore the server.
When you use these tools, you might assume that they are used only to manage the local computer. However, many of them can be used to manage remote computers as well. For example, you can use the Computer Management and Server Management console to connect to and manage other computers, assuming you have administrative rights to the computer.
This lesson is a part of Managing Windows Server 2008 R2 chapter from 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Prep course. More lessons in this chapter are
The Practice tests included in this course are: