Some important points of this chapter Server Overview is given below
- A server is a computer that is a meant to be a dedicated service provider, and a client is a computer that requests services.
- Before selecting the hardware and software components of a server, you should identify the server roles and network services that the server will need to provide and how many people will be accessing the server at once to help determine the load the server needs to fulfill.
- The primary subsystems that make up a server are processor, memory, storage, and network.
- The computer, including servers, is built around one or more integrated chips called the processor. It is considered the brain of the computer because all of the instructions it performs are mathematical calculations and logical comparisons.
- A 64-bit processor is a processor with a default word size of 64 bits and a 64-bit external data bus, which allows you to access much more RAM than a 32-bit processor.
- The amount of RAM can be one of the largest factors in your overall computer performance.
- For the processor to communicate with the rest of the system, the processor plugs in or connects to a large circuit board called the motherboard or system board. The motherboard allows the processor to branch out and communicate with all of the other computer components.
- Instructions that control most of the computer’s input/output functions, such as communicating with disks, RAM, and the monitor kept in the System ROM chips, are known as the BIOS (basic input/output system).
- The process of updating your system ROM BIOS is called flashing the BIOS.
- While a server needs to have solid performance, the server needs to be reliable.
- Virtual machines technologies enable multiple operating systems to run concurrently on a single machine.
- Windows Server 2008 R2 has organized the most common services into server roles.
- A server role describes the function of the server.
- Windows Server 2008 R2 Features are software programs that are not directly part of a role, or they can support or augment the functionality of one or more roles, or enhance the functionality of the entire server.
- Server Core installation provides a minimal environment with no Windows Explorer shell for running specific server roles and no Start button.
- Before installing software, you should look at the system requirements as a starting point to make sure your server meets those requirements.
- A clean installation is installing the software from scratch on a new drive or on newly reformatted drive. Many people find that doing a clean install of an operating system is the best way to go because you are starting fresh.
- In some instances, you will want to take a current system and upgrade from an older version of Windows to Windows Server 2008 R2.
- One way to install Windows Server 2008 R2 is to use disk cloning software such as Norton Ghost to create an image file, which is a sector-by-sector copy stored in a large file.
- If you clone a computer, you need to run the System Preparation Tool (Sysprep), which removes the security identifiers and all other user-specific or computer-specific information from the computer before you run the disk cloning software to make the cloned disk image.
- An Answer file, which is used to automatically install Windows, is an XML file that stores the answers for a series of graphical user interface (GUI) dialog boxes.
- Windows Deployment Services (WDS) is a technology from Microsoft for network-based installation of Windows operating systems including Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, and Windows Server 2008. The deployment of Windows can be fully automated and customized through the use of unattended installation scripting files.
- Microsoft product activation is an anti-piracy technology designed to verify that software products are legitimately licensed.
- After installing Windows, check to see if Microsoft has any fixes, patches, service packs, and device drivers, and apply them to the Windows system.
This chapter is a part of 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Prep course. More chapters in this course are
The Practice tests included in this course are:
Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 1 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 2 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 5 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 4 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 3 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...