Popular Windows Network Services and Applications Overview

In the chapter Popular Windows Network Services and Applications some important points are given below

  • When you view web pages, you are connecting to the web server using TCP port 80.
  • SSL, short for Secure Sockets Layer, uses TCP port 443, which uses a digital certificate to encrypt data sent to and from a Web site so that it cannot be read by anyone except the source and target. When you are using SSL, the browser URL will start with https.
  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used to transfer a file from one host to another over a TCP/IP-based network.
  • Microsoft’s web server/application server is Internet Information Services (IIS).
  • To support multiple Web sites, you can assign additional IP addresses and assign a site to each IP address by using different ports for each site or host headers.
  • To configure the IP address, port, and name a Web site will respond to, you must configure the site binding.
  • A virtual directory is a directory used in a Web site that corresponds to a physical directory elsewhere on the server, on another server, or on a Website.
  • An application is a grouping of content on a Web site that is defined at the root level or in a separate folder that has specific properties, such as the application pool in which the application runs and the permissions that are granted on the folder.
  • An application pool is a set of resources (a worker process or a set of worker processes) used by a Web site or application that defines the memory boundaries for the Web site.
  • The Default Documents feature allows you to configure the list of default documents that will automatically be presented to a browser if a document is not specified.
  • A virtual private network (VPN) links two computers through a wide-area network such as the Internet. To keep the connection secure, the data sent between the two computers is encapsulated and encrypted.
  • To access a computer running Remote Desktop Services, you use Remote Desktop Connections to access a computer’s graphical user interface including the desktop, start menu, and programs just as if you were sitting in front of the computer.
  • Remote assistance is similar to remote desktop except it is used to connect to another user’s session so that you can see what the user is seeing and interact with that session.
  • By using virtual machine technology, you can run multiple operating systems concurrently on a single machine, which allows separation of services while keeping cost to a minimum.
  • The hypervisor is installed between the hardware and the operating system and is the main component that manages virtual computers.
  • Some of the Windows built-in drivers do not run efficiently under a virtual environment. Therefore, you need to install Integration Services, which includes some basic drivers.
  • Microsoft System Center Virtual Machine Manager (VMM) allows you to convert existing physical computers into virtual machines through a process known as physical-to-virtual (P2V) conversion.
  • A snapshot is a point in time image of a virtual machine that you can return to.

Following are the topics discussed in details in this chapter Popular Windows Network Services and Applications

Introducing the Web Server

The Internet is a global WAN consisting of interconnected networks that use the Internet Protocol Suite (TCP/IP). It is a ...
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Understanding Remote Access

Today, it is very common for an organization to use a remote access server (RAS). This enables users to connect ...
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Introducing Remote Administration

With early networks, users utilized dumb terminals (systems consisting of a monitor and keyboard without a processor) to connect to ...
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Understanding Server Virtualization

Virtualization has become quite popular during the last few years. By using virtual machine technology, you can run multiple operating ...
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This chapter is a part of 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Prep course. More chapters in this course are

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Managing Storage

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Monitoring and Troubleshooting Servers

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Essential Services

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The Practice tests included in this course are:

98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 1

Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 1 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
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98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 2

Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 2 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
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98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 5

Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 5 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
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98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 4

Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 4 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
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98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 3

Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 3 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
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