Essential Services Overview

In this chapter Essential Services we will discuss some important points which are given below as

  • Besides becoming the standard for the Internet, DNS, short for Domain Name System, is a hierarchical client/server-based distributed database management system that translates domain/hosts names to IP addresses.
  • A fully qualified domain name (FQDN) describes the exact position of a host within a DNS hierarchy.
  • The legacy naming service is Windows Internet Name Service or WINS, which translates from NetBIOS (computer name) to specify a network resource.
  • When you share a directory, drive, or printer on a PC running Microsoft Windows or on a Linux machine running Samba, you can access the resource by using the Universal Naming Convention (UNC), also known as Uniform Naming Convention, to specify the location of the resource.
  • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) services automatically assign IP addresses and related parameters (including subnet mask and default gateway and length of the lease) so that a host can immediately communicate on an IP network when it starts.
  • The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol, or LDAP, is an application protocol for querying and modifying data using directory services running over TCP/IP.
  • Active Directory domains, trees, and forests are logical representations of network organization, which allow you to organize them in the best way to manage them.
  • Sites and domain controllers represent the physical structure of a network.
  • A site is one or more IP subnets that are connected by a high-speed link, typically defined by a geographical location.
  • A domain controller is a Windows server that stores a replica of the account and security information for the domain and defines the domain boundaries.
  • A server that is not running as a domain controller is known as a member server.
  • To minimize traffic across a WAN link, bridgehead servers perform directory replication between two sites, whereas only two designated domain controllers talk to each other.
  • Active Directory uses multimaster replication, which means that there is no master domain controller.
  • Because there are certain functions that can only be handled by one domain controller at a time, Active Directory uses Flexible Single Master Operations (FSMO) roles.
  • A global catalog holds replicate information of every object in a tree and forest.
  • The functional level of a domain or forest controls which advanced features are available in the domain or forest.
  • To help organize objects within a domain and minimize the number of domains, you can use organizational units, commonly known as OUs.
  • You can delegate administrative control to any level of a domain tree by creating organizational units within a domain and delegating administrative control for specific organizational units to particular users or groups.
  • A user account enables a user to log on to a computer and domain. As a result, it can used to prove the identity of a user, and this information can then be used to determine what a user can access and what kind of access he or she will have (authorization).
  • Windows computer accounts provide a means for authenticating and auditing a computer’s access to a Windows network and to domain resources.
  • A group is a collection of user accounts or computer accounts.
  • Group Policy provides the centralized management and configuration of operating systems, applications, and user settings in an Active Directory environment.
  • A right authorizes a user to perform certain actions on a computer.
  • A permission defines the type of access that is granted to an object (an object can be identified with a security identifier) or object attribute.

Following topics will be discussed in this chapter Essential Services

Naming Resolution

Naming Resolution Overview In today’s networks, you assign logical addresses, such as with IP addressing. Unfortunately, these addresses tend to ...
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DHCP Services

DHCP Services Overview DHCP services is all about assigning IP dynamically on machines which are connecting to the network on ...
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Introducing Directory Services with Active Directory

A directory service stores, organizes, and provides access to information in a directory. Directory services are used for locating, managing, ...
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This chapter is a part of 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Prep course. More chapters in this course are

Server Overview

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Managing Storage

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Monitoring and Troubleshooting Servers

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Essential Services

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The Practice tests included in this course are:

98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 1

Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 1 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
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98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 2

Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 2 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
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98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 5

Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 5 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
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98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 4

Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 4 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
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98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 3

Instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration Fundamentals Practice Test 3 This page shows the instructions for 98-365 Windows Server Administration ...
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